Average of annual carbon dioxide emissions are increasing. And not a little average increase in emissions, three times more! According to a study reported in “Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences” discovered the fact that the average increase of carbon dioxide emissions increased from 1.1 percent per year in 1990 to 3.3 percent per year in 2000.
Research coordinator, Mike Raupach from CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research and the Global Carbon Project, said in 2005 globally 8 million tonnes of carbon dioxide is polluting the atmosphere. Increased rapidly when compared to 1995 which only 6 million tons. It is due to an increase in emissions that becomes a major cause, globally, is the increased combustion of carbon per dollar of welfare generated.
The bad news is complicating the situation is carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels is the main driver of global climate change.
Carbon emissions do not only occur in the developing countries only, but the development of industry in developed countries such as Australia and the United States tend to stagnate, in developing countries like China are increasing. These two factors are actually decreases the efficiency of fossil fuel use globally. The results showed in China, emitted per person are still below the global average. Based on the average, in Australia and the United States per person emit more than 5 tonnes of carbon per year. While in China is only one ton per year.
Carbon emissions are divided by two things: by per capita and per country. So, China with total carbon emissions a big country, but has a low carbon emissions per capita because of the large populations. But there are also small countries like Gibraltar is only an island but it has a carbon emissions per capita are very large because of the country to import almost all its needs.
And how about Indonesia? For Indonesia itself, in total carbon emissions of countries like Thailand and Taiwan carbon emissions, but because of the large population of carbon emissions per capita is still very small. But if we look at carbon emissions in major cities in Indonesia such as Jakarta or Surabaya, the per capita carbon emissions per city would have been very large, so if you look at per capita emissions because many areas of underdeveloped, then of course be small.
Therefore, the possibility of carbon dioxide emissions in each country can develop and go up and down according to what amount of emissions is divided. Divided by per capita or per country. But whatever the results, expected to be a reference for each country to reduce carbon dioxide emissions in the world.